Halnikar Hospital

Treatment & Surgery for Fissures

Treatment & Surgery for Fissures:

The treatment for anal fissures often begins with conservative measures, but in cases where these are not effective, surgery may be considered. Here’s an overview:

1. Conservative Treatment:

  • Dietary Changes: Increasing fiber intake through fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can soften stools and promote regular bowel movements.
  • Hydration: Staying well-hydrated helps maintain softer stools.
  • Topical Medications: Over-the-counter or prescription creams containing nitroglycerin or calcium channel blockers can help relax the anal sphincter and promote healing.

2. Sitz Baths:

  • Warm baths, known as sitz baths, can provide relief by improving blood flow to the anal area and reducing muscle spasms.

3. Botox Injections:

  • Botox injections into the anal sphincter can help relax the muscle, promoting healing and reducing pain.

4. Lateral Internal Sphincterotomy (LIS):

  • If conservative measures and medications do not provide relief, surgery may be considered.
  • LIS is a surgical procedure in which a small portion of the internal anal sphincter muscle is cut to reduce pressure on the fissure and promote healing.

5. Advancement Flap Procedures:

  • In cases of chronic fissures, where conservative measures and LIS have not been successful, more complex surgical procedures, such as advancement flap techniques, may be considered.
  • These procedures involve using tissue from adjacent areas to cover the fissure and promote healing.


  • Recovery after surgery involves keeping the area clean and following postoperative care instructions provided by the healthcare team.
  • Pain management and stool softeners may be prescribed.

The choice of treatment depends on the severity and duration of the fissure, as well as individual patient factors. Surgical options are typically considered when conservative measures have been unsuccessful in promoting healing and relieving symptoms. Consulting with a healthcare professional is crucial to determine the most appropriate course of action based on the specific case.